Individuals’ fitness to purchase and possess weapons is defined by federal legislation as a baseline national requirement. However, federal law only imposes an essential requirement.
There are notable exceptions that allow persons with significant risk factors for abuse or self-harm to procure and possess weapons lawfully. You can undergo DC Concealed Carry Training and Requirements, for your knowledge.
Control over the firearms
In Maryland, a sale of a “controlled firearm” (generally a handgun or an assault weapon) must be refused by the Secretary of the Maryland State Police if the prospective purchaser, lessee, or transferee:
Has been convicted of a violent crime;
Has ever been accused of a crime in Maryland;
Has been found guilty of committing a criminal conspiracy;
Had been convicted of a common-law offense for which he or she was sentenced to more than two years in prison;
Has been convicted of any misdemeanor in Maryland with a criminal sentence of more than two years;
Is it a fugitive from justice?
Are they habitual drunkards?
Is an alcoholic or customary user of some controlled dangerous substance?
Is it a fugitive from justice?
Is a fugitive
Capabilities of having a firearm
Whether the purchaser, lessee, or transferee has a physician’s certificate specifying that he or she is capable of possessing a controlled firearm without endangering himself, herself, or others, or whether the purchaser, lessee, or transferee has a physician’s certificate indicating that he or she is capable of possessing a regulated firearm without endangering himself, herself, or others;
Has been confined to a hospital for more than 30 days5 unless the purchaser, lessee, or transferee has a physician’s certificate claiming that he or she is capable of owning a controlled firearm without putting himself, herself, or others in danger;
If inebriated or under the influence of drugs;
Is under the age of 21;
Is engaged in a “straw purchase”;
Is under the protection of a “non-ex parte civil protective order”;
Had been adjudicated delinquent by a juvenile court for an offense that may be a disqualifying offense if committed by an adult; or Has not completed an accredited weapons protection training course, which is mandatory to possess a regulated weapon if under 30 years at the purchase time.
Furthermore, the possession limitations include additional, on comprehensive mental health limitation, limiting weapon possession to someone who:
Suffers from a mental breakdown and has a history of violent activity against himself, herself, or another person (this prohibition does not include the physician certificate exception);
Suffers from a mental disorder and has a history of violent behavior against himself, herself, or another person (this limitation does not include the physician certificate exception);
Has been declared unfit to stand trial;
Had been ruled to be “not criminally guilty.”
Has been knowingly admitted to a mental health institution for more than 30 days; Has been involuntarily committed to a mental health facility; or Is covered by a guardian designated by a judge under Maryland statute, except in situations where the appointment is primarily due to a physical disability. Maryland also expressly forbids someone from owning a regulated weapon, as well as a regular rifle or shotgun, if they:
Has been found guilty of a violent crime as defined;
Under Maryland statute, has been accused of specific offenses involving controlled substances; Has been convicted of a felony under the laws of another state or the United States that, if committed in Maryland, would be considered a “crime of abuse” or one of the controlled substance-related crimes mentioned above;
Has been accused of a felony that disqualifies them;
Has served a sentence of more than two years in jail after being convicted of a felony known as an offense under criminal law;
Is on the run from the law;
Is a frequent alcoholic;
Is addicted to or a frequent user of a dangerous controlled substance;
Has a history of aggressive conduct toward himself, herself, or another person and suffers from a psychiatric illness as established by state law;
Under the state constitution, he has been considered unfit to stand trial;
By state statute, he was considered “not criminally guilty.”
Has been willingly admitted to a mental health clinic for more than 30 days in a row, as specified by state law; Even in cases where the nomination of a guardian is purely due to a physical condition, is covered by a guardian appointed by a court; A respondent has been adjudicated delinquent by a juvenile court for an act that would be a disqualifying crime if committed by an adult.
Firearm ownership restrictions in Maryland are similar to those for transfers of weapons, except they don’t contain prohibitions for being “visibly under the influence of alcohol or narcotics” or “a participant in a straw transaction,” and they don’t include completion of a licensed firearms safety training course. Get more information