What are Dental Crowns: uses, types, and procedures?

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Dental crowns are protective tooth-colored covers cemented on top of teeth that are damaged, injured, or problematic. Crowns are utilized to shield, coat, and restore your teeth when fillings don’t resolve the issue. Dental crowns can be made out of metal, porcelain, resin,  or other medical-grade compounds. They are long-lasting restorations with a great prognosis as long as proper home care is followed.

What are Dental Crowns? 

With time, your teeth can suffer a lot of damage and lose their proper functionality. This can occur for many reasons, like cavities, injury, clenching/grinding, or simply because of using teeth for a long time. Dental crowns are tooth-shaped “covers” that can be put over your tooth. Consider it as a comforting cap or helmet for your tooth. The crowns restore various anomalies in teeth, such as the contour, size, strength, and look. A crown covers the tooth so well that it is almost impossible to tell the difference.

Why Do You Need a Dental Crown?

You might require a dental crown for a few reasons, including:

  • Protecting cavity-prone, weaker teeth from breaking or keeping an already broken tooth together if portions of it are broken.
  • Restoring an injured tooth or a seriously worn-down tooth.
  • Covering and supporting a tooth with a large filling with very little tooth remaining.
  • Holding a partial denture in place.
  • Covering malformed or deeply stained teeth.
  • Attaching to a dental implant.
  • Protecting a tooth that has been treated with a root canal.

What is the process of getting a Dental Crown? 

Generally, you will require no more than two visits to your dentist in Chandler to get the final dental crown placed. However, the frequency can change depending on your specific condition and requirements.

The Primary Visit 

During the primary visit, the dentist will examine the tooth of concern and perform some scans. X-rays are taken of the tooth and the surrounding bone. Your dental specialist may also need to do a root canal before placing the dental crown, in case there’s any:

  • Deep cavities near or into the tooth pulp
  • Unresolved pain in the tooth
  • Injury inside the tooth pulp

The pulp is the delicate tissue inside your teeth that contains blood vessels, nerves, and connective tissue.

The tooth that is getting the crown will be conservatively reduced across the top and sides. This is to allow for enough space to fit the crown on top of the tooth. The amount of reduction depends upon the type of crown you need. All-metal dental crowns are more slender and don’t require as much of the tooth to be reduced. Whereas the all-porcelain or porcelain-metal crowns require slightly more. If a lot of your tooth is missing — because of injury or decay — a filling material can be utilized to ” “build up” enough tooth structure for the crown to be fitted on.

After reshaping the tooth, the intricate details are captured in a dental impression material to send to the laboratory for fabrication of the crown. Impressions of both the tooth needing the crown and the opposing tooth are taken. This is done to ensure that the crown won’t interfere with your bite.

The impressions are sent to a professional dental laboratory. The dental laboratory makes the dental crowns in Chandler and typically returns them to the dental practice in a few days. During this first visit, your dental specialist will make a  temporary crown to cover and secure the prepared tooth while you’re waiting for the final crown.

The Second Visit 

At the second visit, the final crown is cemented on your tooth. In the first step, the temporary crown is taken out. Now the fitting and shade of the permanent crown are evaluated. Once both you and your dentist in Chandler, AZ, are satisfied, the new crown is cemented with permanent cement. If at any time this process causes sensitivity, a local anesthetic  is applied to numb the tooth

What are the Types of Dental Crowns? 

We can make permanent crowns out of various materials. These materials include:

  • Metal: Several metals including, gold, silver, palladium, nickel, and chromium, are popular choices for making Dental Crowns. Metal crowns seldom chip or break, last the longest, do not wear out quickly, and require a limited amount of your tooth to be shaped. They can also endure chewing and biting forces tremendously well. The metallic appearance is the biggest drawback of these crowns. Metal crowns work perfectly well for molars that are not easily visible.
  • Porcelain fused to  Metal: we can match this kind of dental crown to the shade of the teeth. They have a more neutral, tooth-like color. Although, some issues with porcelain- fused to metal crowns are:
    • They can get chipped if placed on the back teeth
    • It loses its natural color with time.  Porcelain fused to metal crowns can have highly abrasive porcelain that can wear down the teeth that touch it when biting down. Porcelain fused to metal crowns can be a decent option for front or back teeth.
  • Crowns made entirely of Resin: Dental crowns made of resin are by and large more affordable than other crown types. But they wear out over the long haul and are likely to break earlier than other materials. The color stability of these crowns is also fairly poor, as they discolor with time.
  • All-Ceramic or All-Porcelain: These kinds of dental crowns look a lot more natural than any other crown. They’re a  great choice in case you have metal hypersensitivities.  All-ceramic or porcelain crowns work well for front teeth. Historically, all-ceramic crowns were not as strong as the above-mentioned materials.  However, new ceramic materials such as zirconia are extremely strong and quite unlikely to break.
  • Pressed Ceramic: These dental crowns are fundamentally solid. Unlike some other crowns, pressed ceramic crowns do not comprise a metal substructure, making them more popular. These are covered with porcelain, which gives the most natural look and feels. Pressed ceramics last much longer than all-porcelain crowns.

How long do Dental Crowns Last? 

Most dental crowns last somewhere in the range of 5 and 15 years. Like natural teeth, dental crowns’ lifespan also depends upon how well they are maintained. Oral hygiene and drinking-eating habits are primary factors. Other activities that affect the life of dental crowns are:

  • Grinding or clenching your teeth.
  • Chewing ice.
  • Biting nails.
  • Using your teeth to tear hard materials, etc.

Dental Crowns are a long-term restorative treatment. This implies that the crown will stay in its place, protecting your teeth for a long time. Obviously, you want the entire process completed in the most proficient and relaxing manner.

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