Larceny-theft, in criminal law, felonious taking of money or personal property of another. Larceny is distinguished from robbery in that the latter involves the use of force or threats of injury against the person from whom the money or property is taken.
Examples of larceny are picking another’s pocket, the embezzlement of funds by a bank employee, the conversion to one’s use of personal property belonging to another, or obtaining property by fraud or pretenses.
In the old common law, several elements had to be present to constitute larceny: the property had to be actually taken and carried away and had to be in the absolute possession of the thief, and the taking and carrying had to be against the consent of the owner or possessor and accompanied by a simultaneous felonious intent at the time the property was taken.
Larceny in old common law was classified as compound or simple.
Simple larceny was called grand larceny when the value of the stolen property was more than 12 pence, and petit (petty) larceny when the value was less.
Compound larceny was the taking and carrying away of property from the person or house of the owner.
The Modern Law For Larceny-Theft
In the U.S. today, the various criminal codes of the states generally define larceny and classify it as either grand larceny or petit larceny. Under these codes, the property is stolen, and larceny is committed when, with definite intent to deprive oneself or a third person, one wrongfully takes, obtains, or withholds such property from an owner of it. In New York State, for example, grand larceny is classified as a felony.
It is characterized as first-degree if the property is obtained by extortion or through the abuse of a position as a public servant, and as second- or third-degree larceny depending on the value of the property stolen and the nature of the theft.
Petit larceny, a misdemeanor, refers to theft not covered in the first three degrees.
Electronic Surveillance Devices Used To Detect Crimes
Today, almost anyone can quickly and cheaply acquire surveillance devices and use them to invade their privacy. While there are many surveillance countermeasure service providers, it is essential to use a trained, qualified investigator. Their use of electronic surveillance detection can give you confidence that your privacy is protected.
Technical Surveillance Countermeasures (TSCM), or bug sweeps, uncover illegal surveillance devices, unknown technological surveillance devices, and identify security weaknesses.
Common Bugs And Surveillance Devices
As technology improves, cameras are gaining quality but losing size. Tiny cameras can be hidden anywhere and disguised as anything from air purifiers to smoke detectors.
Cell Phone Spy Software
Monitoring software downloaded to a mobile phone can record calls, view complete web history, and record the sound from its surroundings.
An interception of telephone communication through a telephone signal.
A microphone device placed in an area to monitor and record communication. Like cameras, these can be hidden anywhere and disguised as something as harmless as a powerstrip.
Are There Different Types Of TSCM?
To keep pace with the different forms of spying, there are different types of counter-surveillance measures. Technical security measures include:
- Vulnerability audits
- TSCM surveys
- Eavesdropping detection
- SCIF Inspections
- Bug sweeps
- Wiretap detection
- In-Place Monitoring (IPM)
- TSCM sweeps
- Off-Site RF Monitoring
- Many more
These services tend to be used by retail and business customers. However, some services, such as bug sweeps, eavesdropping detection, and wiretap detection, can also be used by individuals who fear their privacy has been compromised.
Privacy is no joke. Be it President Joe Biden or a ten-year-old Duncan in New York. Privacy is an essential need.
The criminal charge associated with theft varies based on the property’s value that the individual is charged with taking. Petty theft or larceny-theft is applicable when the value of the property taken does not exceed $100. It is a misdemeanor offense punishable with fines that do not exceed $500 and incarceration for up to three months.
When the value of the stolen property exceeds $100 but does not exceed $1,000, the accused may be charged with misdemeanor theft, which is punishable by fines up to $500 and 18 months incarceration.
The charge may be elevated to felony theft when the theft value is between $1,000 and $10,000. It is penalized with fines up to $10,00 and up to 10 years in prison. Understanding the charges involved in a larceny-theft is of grieve importance.