The first step of a typical orthopedic visit is a short interview related to the symptoms. The short interview on the symptoms allows the hip replacement Chandigarh orthopedist to get a summary idea of the present problem. The second step is the medical history (or medical history).
Through the anamnesis, the orthopedist collects a series of medical interest facts relating to the patient, such as the general state of health, diseases suffered in the past, habits, work activity, motor activities practiced over time free of any recurring illnesses in the family.
The anamnesis directs the orthopedist to the possible causes at the origin of the patient’s symptoms. The third is the ‘ physical examination (or physical examination ). Through the physical examination, the orthopedist carefully analyzes the patient’s body, looking for symptoms and signs related to the organism’s suffering.
In carrying out the physical examination, the orthopedist uses special maneuvers (e.g., inspection, palpation, percussion, motor tests, etc.), which serve to deepen everything concerning the symptoms.
The fourth and last step is the prescription of instrumental diagnostic tests or therapy.
Instrumental diagnostic tests are used to deepen/confirm what emerged from previous investigations. In general, the best diagnostic instrument to analyze a disorder of the musculoskeletal system is magnetic resonance.
The main reasons that should lead an individual to contact an orthopedist are:
- The suspected presence of bone fracture (bone fractures are usually the consequence of trauma and cause severe pain, associated with hematoma );
- Presence of joint pain following a sprain or dislocation;
- Presence of persistent pain in a joint not related to sprains or dislocations;
- Presence of constant back pain (the most affected portions of the back are the cervical and lumbar spine);
- Suspected muscle tear ;
- Presence of continuous pain where vital tendons of the human body are inserted.