Nerve pain: Know The Major Causes Behind It

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Nerve pain is defined as a shooting or burning feeling. It can go away on its own, but it’s more common to have it for a long time. It can be offensive and serious at times, as well as come and go. Nerve damage or a malfunctioning nervous system are the most common causes. Nerve damage causes a change in nerve function both at the site of the injury and in the surrounding areas.

Chronic pain affects about one-third of all Americans. According to a 2014 survey, up to 10% of Americans suffer from Nerve pain in some way.

Neuropathic pain manifests itself in phantom limb syndrome. These nerves are now causing pain due to their failure.

Causes of Neuropathic Pain

Illness, accident, infection, and limb loss are among the most common causes of neuropathic pain.

Diseases that causes nerve pain

Neuropathic pain can occur as a symptom or as a side effect of some diseases and conditions. Among them are multiple sclerosis, multiple myeloma, and other cancers. While not everyone with such conditions is affected by neuropathic pain, it can be a concern for others.

According to the Cleveland Clinic, diabetes is to blame for 30% of neuropathic cases. Chronic diabetes can affect the way your nerves function. Numbness and loss of feeling in the limbs and fingers are common symptoms of diabetes, as are discomfort, burning, and stinging.

Over time, excessive alcohol use can result in several issues, including chronic nerve pain. Excessive alcohol consumption can cause long-term and painful nerve damage.

Trigeminal neuralgia is a debilitating disorder that causes neuropathic pain in one side of the face. One of the most common forms of neuropathic pain, it may occur without warning.

Finally, cancer therapy can cause neuropathic pain. Chemotherapy and radiation can damage the nervous system, causing unintended pain signals.


Injury to the tissue, muscle or joint is a rare cause of neuropathic pain. Back, leg, and hip disorders or injuries may also cause nerve dysfunction.

Although injuries can be healed with time, the damage to the nervous system cannot. As a result, you can experience long-term pain as a result of the accident.

Neuropathic pain may be caused by accidents or injuries to the spine. Herniated discs and spinal cord compression may impact nerve fibers all over the spine.


Infections are rarely the cause of nerve pain. Shingles, which are caused by the chickenpox virus reactivating. It can last for many weeks and cause neuropathic pain along the nerve.

Postherpetic neuralgia is a complication of shingles that causes chronic neuropathic pain. Syphilis can also cause excruciating burning and stinging pain. In HIV patients, this type of excruciating pain is normal.

Loss of a limb

A phantom limb syndrome is an unusual form of neuropathic pain that occurs when an arm or leg is amputated. Even though the limb has been removed, the brain claims it is still sending messages to the brain from that part of the body.

What happens is that the nerves around the amputation mislead your brain and send wrong signals.

In addition to the legs and arms, phantom pain can be felt in the fingertips, toes, penis, spine, and other body parts.

Other factors

Another cause of nerve pain is vitamin B deficiency.

Thyroid disorders, facial nerve problems, and spinal arthritis, and carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) are also the reason for neuropathic pain.

Diagnosis of Neuropathic Pain

To diagnose neuropathic pain, a doctor will conduct an interview and physical tests. They may want to know how you describe your pain, why it happens, and whether something, in particular, causes it. The doctor can also ask about the risks of neuropathic pain and order blood and nerve tests.

Neuropathic Pain Treatments

Medications such as anticonvulsants and antidepressants are often used as first-line therapies. Some studies have shown that non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like Aleve or Motrin can help with neuropathic pain. In some cases, you may need a strong painkiller. Make sure you and your doctor discuss the advantages and disadvantages of the medication you’re taking.

If another condition, such as diabetes, is present, better treatment of that condition can help to alleviate pain. Further nerve damage can also be effectively treated with this condition.

Gabapin is an anti-epileptic and anti-neuropathic pain medication. It’s used to treat things like restless leg syndrome, epilepsy, and nerve weakness, among other things. Gabapin can be taken as a tablet.

It’s a kind of antiepileptic drug. The most significant ingredient is gabapentin. Gabapin 300 mg relieves the pain and discomfort efficiently.

In difficult-to-treat cases, a pain specialist may use an invasive or implantable device to efficiently relieve pain. Electrical stimulation of the nerves that cause neuropathic pain can greatly reduce pain symptoms.

Patients, on the other hand, would be given it based on their age and physical condition. Make sure you and your doctor discuss the advantages and disadvantages of taking Gabapin 300.

There have been other treatments for neuropathic pain

Listed below are a few examples:

  • Acupuncture
  • Relaxation therapy
  • Working with a counselor
  • Physical therapy
  • Massage therapy
  • Hairspray Boxes

Standard pain treatments, unfortunately, do not always work to relieve neuropathic pain, and in some cases, the pain worsens rather than improves over time. In such individuals, it can result in serious disability. Combining therapies in a multidisciplinary approach, on the other hand, is a highly successful way to alleviate neuropathic pain.


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