How to identify a leak
Without a doubt, relying on the help of specialized professionals is the best way. After all, they can detect any signs of trouble, even if the alerts are imperceptible to the average person.
However, some signs are so classic that you can learn to identify them yourself, such as the dreaded leaks. Knowing where the system faults are makes the repair process even faster when the service provider is at your home to solve the problem.
A simple test is enough for you to be able to identify whether or not there is a leak in the hydraulic system. Start by closing the water outlets and watch the gauge. If the pointer stops, it means there are no leaks. But if the pointer keeps turning, there is a problem. Then it’s time to hire the plumber.
To identify piping problems — those that leave no visible signs on the walls — the test will be another. If your home is supplied by the water tank, you must turn off all the faucets, turn off appliances that use water and not use the toilets at this time. Then close the water tank float tap and mark the level of water that was present in it. After an hour, if this level drops, it means that there are system failures.
If the pipes are fed directly from the mains, you must close the valve located on the wall, open a tap fed by it — which is usually the one for the tank — and wait for the water to stop coming out. At this time, take a full glass of water and pour it into the mouth of the faucet. If the liquid is sucked in, it is a sign of leakage.
If you want to find the exact location of the problem, do the wall knock test. But to work, you need to know where the pipes are going. Tap the entire length of the pipe, noting if the sound is different in any part of the system. Abnormal noises indicate possible leaks.
As for the toilet, there is a simple and very effective test to detect problems in the flush valve. Just throw some coffee grounds into the vase. If it is not deposited at the bottom of the basin, it means that there is a leak in the hydraulic system. For Plumbing Issues you can consult here
There are also other classic signs of leaks or infiltration that are easy to identify and that should never be overlooked, at the risk of aggravating the problem in the future.
They are: stains on the ceiling or walls, the presence of mold or the formation of water puddles anywhere in the house. Detachment of tiles or change in coating colors can also be strong indications of problems in the hydraulic installation.
Other Home Hydraulic Tips
If you’ve read this far, you’ve probably already understood pretty much everything you need to know about residential plumbing. However, we have separated 13 more important tips for you to keep the system working optimally and extend the life of your installations. Check out!
If the intention is to save on plumbing design, consider designing the kitchen, bathrooms, and service area close together. This way, you will use fewer pipes and connections;
If you are going to do a hydraulic reform and the installation is very old, take the time to replace the iron pipe with the PVC one, especially if you are already noticing the presence of rust in the water;
Install one log per room where there are water points. That way, if any problems occur, you can only close the registration of the room in question, without compromising the supply of the rest of the house;
Use as few connections as possible. They lower water pressure, which can create accumulation points that lead to leaks. Ask the responsible engineer or plumber for help to ascertain the real need for the connections in question;
When purchasing tubes and fittings, choose parts from the same manufacturer. Thus, you avoid having gaps between parts and poorly made or even incompatible fits. And remember: all manufacturers must offer a parts warranty;
In order for the hydraulic materials not to be damaged during the work, always keep the pipes in a horizontal position. Connections must be kept in boxes or bags. And never leave materials exposed to the sun;
Always check the measurements. The toilet, for example, needs to have at least 20 cm free on each side. In addition, the ideal door opening space must also be considered. Believe me: these mistakes are more common than you might think!
Test each installation before closing the wall or making the subfloor. That way, if something doesn’t work properly, you avoid the rework of breaking everything to make repairs;
Before plastering, draw or photograph the installations to be sure where the pipes are running. Thus, you eliminate that typical problem of accidentally drilling the plumbing when installing cabinets, mirrors, soap dishes, etc. Having the residential hydraulic plant in hand also helps a lot in these situations;
Observe the floor’s trim where there are drains. It must have a slight fall to favor the flow of water into the drain. This speeds up household cleaning and, above all, prevents build-up that could lead to infiltration;
Periodically clean the house’s internal drains to remove accumulated dirt. As for external drains (rainfalls), the possibility of clogging due to tree roots entering through the cracks should be regularly checked. In such cases, it will be necessary to call the plumber;
Never throw inappropriate materials into the home’s toilets, sinks and drains. This is a simple measure, but very effective in preventing system life;
Prefer vases with a coupled box, which are those installed directly over the toilet bowl. These options are more sustainable as they considerably reduce water consumption. Valve flushes use up to 14 liters of water per activation, while the coupled box flush consumes only 6 liters.
Last but not least: always have the contact of a competent and trustworthy plumber on hand, which can be easily found in service delivery applications. This ensures that both installation and maintenance of the hydraulic system will be successful.