Hot peppers’ spicy and zesty flavour makes them so unique. From chili con carne to stews and even lasagne, a dash of red or green or yellow pepper can spice up your meal. And if you are into hot sauces, then you must love how capsaicin feels in your mouth.
But the intensity of their heat varies greatly from pepper to pepper. If you’re one of the many people who love spicy foods and want to up your game, then this article will give you the insight you need. Follow these tips and learn how to get spicy in just the right way.
Count On Scoville Heat Units (SHU)
Scoville scale can tell about the peppers’ spicy flavour. It measures how much capsaicin, the chemical compound that gives them their heat, contains. Though capsaicin content can vary within one variety of pepper, jalapenos, for example, usually have an average Scoville rating between 2,500 and 5,000 units per pepper.
The Scoville scale for some of the hottest peppers:
- Habanero: 100,000–350,000
- Ghost Pepper: 1,000,000–1,500,000
- Carolina Reaper: 1,200,000–2,200,000
- Cayenne: 30,000–50,000
The Capsaicin Is What Makes Them Hot
Capsaicin is a lipophilic chemical that binds with pain receptors in your mouth, causing a burning sensation. The more capsaicin a pepper has, the hotter it is. There are different levels of heat: mild peppers have just .1 micrograms of capsaicin per gram, while super hots can have as much as 1.3 or higher.
Those numbers might seem tiny, but for scale, the hottest known chili pepper today measures 2 million Scoville Heat Units (SHUs), which is ten times less than police-grade pepper spray.
All in all, the spiciness of the hot pepper depends upon the amount of capsaicin it contains.
The Difference Between Hot, Mild, And Super-Hot Peppers
For hot peppers, you have three different categories: mild, medium, and hot. Mild peppers typically have a Scoville rating of 500 units or less. Mild peppers include everything from bell peppers to jalapenos.
Medium peppers usually fall between 1,000 and 2,500 Scoville units. Examples of medium pepper include serrano’s and poblanos. And anything above that makes super-hot peppers.
The difference between hot, mild, and super-hot peppers is how much heat they contain. Capsaicin content isn’t always set in stone. A growing season or specific soil conditions can influence whether the hot pepper you use wind up being fiery or just mildly sizzling.
How Much Hot Pepper Is Too Much?
Sometimes you may think that more is better, but it’s best not to overdo it when it comes to hot peppers. Start with a smaller amount than you think you might need; you can always add more if needed.
If you’re eating a pepper straight out of hand, thin jalapeno slices. Use just enough pepper that offers some spice without being uncomfortable. You want your lips to be tingling afterward, but not so much that you have watery eyes or a runny nose!
One teaspoon of hot pepper, such as jalapeno, would be enough for one person. Half of a large pepper, like banana pepper, is plenty for a plate of food for a family of four.
How Hot Peppers Change Their Heat Level Depending On the Preparation
The peppers ‘spicy properties depend heavily on how it’s prepared before you take a bite. When you slice into a pepper or dice it, you’re exposing more surface area of those glands.
Your recipe will be spicier if your diced peppers are exposed to air or water than if they aren’t exposed at all. So, use caution when cutting up your ingredients to avoid getting too much heat in one bite.
How Much Hot Pepper Do You Need To Use?
The amount of hot pepper to use depends on the spiciness and your personal preference. The first thing to remember is, the less hot pepper you use, the milder the hot pepper taste.
To figure out how much hot pepper you need, multiply your recipe’s serving size by 5/10ths of a teaspoon. This will give you an idea of how many peppers you’ll need. For instance, if you’re making four servings of four tablespoons each: 4 x 5/10ths tsp = 2 tsp or two large peppers.
- Start with recipes that call for a small amount
- Use more seeds to add heat to dishes for people who love hot food
- Leave the seeds in when cooking with kids and adolescents because they have a lower tolerance for spicy foods
If you’re looking for a way to spice up your favourite dishes, consider incorporating the hot peppers into your recipe. However, it would help if you were wary when choosing which ones to use. The Scoville scale is a great way to gauge how spicy different peppers are, but keep in mind that it doesn’t tell you about all capacious.