The persons who are suffering from the genetic disease of baldness look for modern Hair Transplant Technology, to restore their natural look. Baldness is the most common, primitive and sex-limited disease and runs in families. This disease most commonly affects males with a higher incidence than females. The person receives genes from their parents and these may include the baldness or pattern baldness genes. The males suffer mostly because of the sex-limited nature of this disease. The male will be bald if he received the gene from any of his parents. The female will only exhibit the phenotype if she receives both genes from her parents. These cases usually have a low incidence ratio but still present in this world. Looking beautiful is the foremost right of every person, but hair loss was the major hurdle. In the earlier times, the bald person spent their whole lives having a keen desire to look natural, but there was not an available treatment for this type of procedure. In the current times, many procedures are available for the patients to restore their natural look.
Hair Transplant Technology involves multiple procedures, from the invention of primitive and manual therapy to the most advanced usage of instruments. These treatments include Follicular Unit Transplant, Follicular Unit Extraction, Hybrid, Neograft, Laser, and Robotic. All these procedures have the same purpose of restoration of hair but it is different in undergoing the procedure. Before starting any of the above treatments, the surgeon examines the patient donor and recipient site. If he has enough donor sites, then he proceeds forward. In males, the donor area may be chest, beard or hair on the scalp backside. Females have donor sites from the backside of the scalp only. Next, the surgeon observes the scalp laxity. If the patient has a loose scalp, then he is considered the ideal person for undergoing the procedure. In the first step, a member of the team takes snaps of the patient’s head. The surgeon marks the donor and recipient area on the picture using markers. Then practically, he demarcates the area on the patient’s scalp. Then, the medical practitioner applies local anaesthesia to the scalp. Again, thanks to modern technology, generalized anaesthesia was used in the earlier times which overall numbs the body. The local anaesthesia only desensitizes the applied area.
In FUT, the primitive Hair Transplant Technology, the surgeon cuts the strip of skin from the donor area, seals the incised area using the stitches and implants the strip full of hair follicles to the recipient site. In FUE, the surgeon extracts the follicles from the donor area and preserves them in a special medium to avoid any damage or degradation. The medical experts then separate these under the microscope. With the help of micro needles, they make small holes in the recipient area. In the hybrid technique, the FUT and FUE are simultaneously undergone. A strip of skin is cut; follicles are extracted and implanted to the recipient area. In Laser therapy, a monochromatic light beam of a specific wavelength is used. The Laser beam is focused on the recipient site and it creates the holes in the focused site by volatilizing the cells in that area. The extracted follicles are then implanted in these holes. In Neograft, the surgeon uses the wand, an instrument for the extraction of follicles. The wand creates a vacuum in the site for the extraction of follicles. The same technique is used in the grafting of follicles. This gives the least damage to the follicles. In Robotic technology, the robots perform the surgery. The ARTAS system detects the donor and recipient sites, separating them using the algorithms and software.
Hair Transplant Technology cost varies from procedure to procedure. It highly depends on the number of sessions, number of grafts to be moved, location of the clinic, number of clinics in an area, expertise of surgeon and others. The average cost of FUE ranges from $4000 to $15000 in a single session. However, multiple session treatments can reach up to $50000. The Laser and Neo-graft technology costs more because it depends on the expertise of surgeons and very few surgeons are expert in these procedures. Similarly, the Robotic treatment also has a much higher cost than others. The reason for this is only a few clinics have these robots for performing surgery. Many people travel to abroad for cheap hair transplant in Lahore Pakistan and results are comparable to any clinic of the world.