All You Need To Know About Ethernet Cables & How They Work

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If you are bombarding Google’s search boxes with questions like what is an ethernet cable, then it’s time to stop as you have just landed in the right place. So, stay with us to learn everything about the ethernet cables so that when you go to buy one, you make an informed decision. 

Invented nearly four decades ago, ethernet cables appear old school but are actually the extremely reliable and faster source of data transmission and connectivity. All the technologies introduced in the 1980s have either gone obsolete or have witnessed tremendous changes, but these cables have withstood the test of time.

What Is An Ethernet Cable? 

In layman terms, an ethernet cable connects two different devices such as computer, router, printer, gaming console, TV, or fax machine, which will then either give hardwired internet to any of the aforesaid devices or will permit us to access them. Though wireless connectivity is undergoing rapid advancements, wired networks remain way faster and more reliable.

Why Do You Need An Ethernet Cable?

Ethernet cables are used for both residential and commercial purposes. Speaking of residential uses, an ethernet cable can connect devices such as gaming consoles, TV, or computers to your routers. Laptops also come with ethernet ports, so you can also hardwire them using ethernet cables.

Speaking of commercial purposes, businesses prefer ethernet cables for networking as they are faster, reliable, and secure.

Categories of Ethernet Cables

The most commonly used ethernet cables categories these days are:

Cat5e: Cat5e comes with data transfer rates of 1000Mbps and 100Mbps over a distance of 50 meters and 100 meters, respectively. The TIA/EIA standard for its bandwidth is 100MHz.

Cat6: The Cat6 Plenum 1000ft comes with data transfer rates 1Gbps and 10Gbps over a distance of 50 meters and 100 meters, respectively. The TIA/EIA standard for its bandwidth is 350MHz.

Cat6a: The Cat6a cable can maintain a 10Gbps data transfer rate over a length of 100 meters thanks to its 750MHz bandwidth capabilities.

Plenum, Riser, and PVC Ethernet Cables

Each category comes in three variants. Plenum cables are designed for usage in plenum spaces of the buildings, riser cables are designed for usage in riser spaces, whereas PVC cables are designed for outdoor installations.

Shielded & Unshielded Ethernet Cables

To provide top-notch production against the crosstalk and EMI, some cables like cat6a plenum 1000ft come with extra layers of protection and are characterized as shielded cables. Those cables that do not come with an extra layer of protection are called unshielded ethernet cables. 

Now, this is everything you need to know, and we fully believe that the answer to your question — what is an ethernet cable — has been answered.

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