Chinese blue and white porcelain have long been in use for decorating homes. Porcelain was traditionally used in the Chinese court as decoration, earth-tone wallpaper, and a sign of wealth. The first Chinese blue and white porcelain vases were created during the fifth or sixth century AD. The vase was made with two bowls that were decorated with floral designs.
For that unique dark blue shade, Chinese blue was used from Persian (also Iran) along with cobalt and silica oxide, and was often called Islamic Blue. These raw ingredients were combined until a smooth and clear overglaze was formed. In this type of Chinese blue and white porcelain, the oxide could be easily added to increase the lustre and brilliance of the wares. Silk was often used to help inscribe the patterns, which were then baked in an oven. This process was more prevalent during the Song dynasty than the Later Chinese styles.
Rise of Chinese Porcelain-
Chinese Porcelain began its rise to fame during the Later Chinese Dynasty in the 7th century. At this time, the Chinese porcelain vase became more popular because of the popularity of the red porcelain. Although, Chinese blue and white porcelain had already been used during the Jingdezhen Dynasty. During this time, it was often called “jade wares” or “mountain wares”. As trade routes developed, the Chinese porcelain vase rose in popularity and all other Chinese ceramics.
The rise of prosperity during the Later Chinese Dynasty prompted the development of new pottery techniques. Therefore, the Chinese blue and white ware soon became a status symbol. Porcelains that had great artistic value quickly became valuable during the Later Chinese Dynasty. During this time period, the production of Chinese blue and white ware reached the peak. Many of the old ceramics from the Jingdezhen ware factory were still being used during the Later Chinese Dynasty as they were also considered antique.
Impact on European Culture-
During the Later Chinese Dynasty, the Chinese porcelain vase became more widely known throughout the country. The discovery of these antique Chinese ceramics in the European museums had impressed many Chinese artists who were visiting Europe. To keep up with the progression of the European culture, these artists decided to form an association to preserve the Chinese porcelains. This association was the Museum of Chinese Ceramics in Germany. This museum has continued to preserve the fine art of China for the past seven decades.
Although the history of Chinese porcelain may be very long, it is still interesting to know how Chinese art traditions developed over the centuries. During the Later Chinese Dynasty, there was a big influence of the European tradition in the design of Chinese porcelains. In fact, during the Later Chinese Dynasty, there were lotus flowers in all the porcelains. And, from this period on, there were lotus flowers that had very much deep meaning for the Chinese people.
Influence in Current Art-
Today, there are still a lot of beautiful Chinese Porcelain vases in China. Some of them have been painted and have a vibrant and detailed natural color. As these porcelains are not very expensive, you can find a lot of variety in terms of sizes, shapes, colors and other designs. Also, many modern Chinese have a lot of enthusiasm to decorate their homes with these exquisite works of art, even if they use only a small amount of these beautiful objects.
One of the most impressive things about Chinese blue and white porcelain is its price. These materials are relatively cheap compared to the other materials of oriental blue and white painting. Besides, if we talk about the history of the development of Chinese art, we will realize that these are not the first or the original creations made by the Chinese. Actually, many Chinese have preserved the tradition of these natural vases, which are still being used by people today.