Alcoholism and substance abuse- How it can affect your sexual life?
Drug-addicted individuals have unpleasant feelings and disturbing thoughts regarding sexual life; they are easily preoccupied with their thoughts and behaviors concerning sex and have also difﬁculties in adaptively expressing sexual impulses.
Furthermore, drug-addicted individuals seem to be less emotionally involved with their sexual partners. They tend to consider their partners as sexual objects, giving fundamental importance to the partner’s sexual expertise, but ignoring their personality and the importance of establishing an emotionally close relationship; they do not feel the need to give love or tenderness: they usually look at sex as for pure physical pleasure.
As a further demonstration of this, our results suggest that they tend to appreciate a solitary sexual pleasure such as that coming from pornography. There are two other indicators of sexual relational maladjustment among drug-abusing persons; addicted individuals show a tendency to feel discomfort in the presence of the opposite sex, and to express hostility during the sexual act.
There are no relevant gender differences, except for sexual excitement and aggressive sex, which are more usual for males than for females.
These last results are congruent with data on gender differences in sexual behavior. Furthermore, the higher levels of aggressive sex in males are consistent with the evidence that substance-abusing men are inclined to be violent against women. Overall, these results further advance prior exploratory studies, which found that drug addiction was correlated with sexual problems.
In general, it seems that drug-addicted individuals live their sexual life in the same maladjusted way they live their relationships with others, which are characterized by a difﬁculty in forming close adoptive relationships. Drug-addicted individuals are highly likely to face erectile dysfunction at some point in their lives. Let’s take a look at one such pill.
What is Cenforce 200 mg?
A viagra containing the necessary Sildenafil Citrate is responsible for helping with erectile dysfunction and hypertension. Both these issues are connected to irregular blood flow in the vessels.
How does Cenforce 200 mg work?
Cenforce 200 mg helps widen blood vessels, which results in better blood flow, a process known as vasodilation. Proper flow of blood also means a lower chance of getting heart disease or a stroke. Cenforce helps in maintaining an erection for up to 4 hours.
How to consume Cenforce 200 mg?
The patient should take Cenforce 200 mg with a glass of water 1 hour prior.
Don’t exceed the dosage beyond one pill in 24 hours.
Avoid high-fat meals.
The magnitude of HIV/AIDS differs across the countries, with the HIV epidemic having seemingly reached its peak in the African Region. There are large numbers of AIDS-related orphans in Zambia and Kenya, and many children in Zambia and Romania have AIDS.
In Zambia and Romania, mother-to-child transmission is high; so is HIV mortality among adults. The heterosexual route is generally the predominant route of HIV transmission in the project sites. However, in the Russian Federation and Belarus, the majority of the reported HIV infections are related to injecting drug use, although intravenous drug use has been reported as an important route of HIV transmission in Romania.
In Mexico, homosexual and bisexual men are the high-risk groups. In general, STIs are on the rise in all countries. A high prevalence of STI has been reported in the Russian Federation, e.g. a rate of 186.7 per 100 000 of the population for syphilis, and 119.8 per 100 000 of the population for gonorrhea. The comparable rates in Romania are 31.2 and 21.8 and in Belarus 105.2 and 98.8.
STIs are also prevalent in African countries. In India, the incidence of STIs is estimated at 5%. 2.5 Alcohol use, sexual risk behavior, and HIV vulnerability There is generally an increase in alcohol use by teenagers and women. Men, however, generally have more social liberties than women, concerning alcohol use as well as sexual activities.
Furthermore, the literature shows that the age for initiating alcohol use and experimenting with sex is on the decline, but the age for marriage is on the rise (e.g. the Russian Federation, India). Teenage pregnancies are also on the rise. Sexual experimentation outside marriage is increasing. Risky sexual behaviors continue despite a confirmed STI/HIV status, as reported in Belarus, Zambia, and India. Denial of the problem and social stigma prevent people with STIs to seek treatment.
The severity of symptoms is another factor that influences the decision of persons with STIs to seek treatment. Despite knowledge about preventive measures, condom use is limited. The spread of the HIV epidemic from high-risk groups to the general population is a concern in a populous country like India. Male dominance also limits the ability of women to adopt preventive measures such as the use of condoms.
Alcohol use is associated with certain types of sexual activity. Crime often plays a role in unprotected casual sex, group sex, and anal sex when participants in these activities are under the influence of alcohol. Alcohol use has also been linked to early sexual experiences (e.g. Belarus, the Russian Federation, Kenya, and South Africa).
Alcohol use and sexual risk behaviors are particularly prevalent in settings such as nightclubs, bars, dark houses, highway eating joints and motels, and brothels. Furthermore, alcohol is commonly used as a disinhibitor, a sex facilitator, a symbol of masculinity, and a means of relaxation, recreation, socializing, and improving communication skills (e.g. in Mexico and Romania).
Alcoholic beverages are also used as a facilitator in approaching the opposite sex. “Masculinity” is often linked to the ability to have multiple partners, imbibe alcohol and engage in promiscuous behavior. Among women, alcohol use increases involvement in risky sexual encounters and sexual victimization, exposing them to the risk of unwanted pregnancies and STIs (e.g. in the Russian Federation and South Africa).
It has also been shown that alcohol use and sexual risk behaviors increase during certain festivities and celebrations across countries (e.g. in South Africa, Kenya, and Romania). Alcohol use and promiscuity are customary during funerals among certain population groups in Kenya. In contrast, certain religions and religious sects prohibit the use of alcohol and indulgence in risky sexual practices.
Dry sex (a preference among certain rural tribes in Zambia and South Africa), sexual cleansing and levirate marriage (Zambia) increase the risk of STIs in Africa. The media (electronic and print) play an important role in shaping and influencing sexual behavior and alcohol use patterns. Certain advertisements, pornographic movies, thrillers, and romantic programs glamorize and promote engagement in these activities.
Groups vulnerable to alcohol use, sexual risk behavior, and HIV The National Behavioural Sentinel Surveys among high-risk groups in India showed that alcohol use (at least once a week) is increasing among female commercial sex workers (FSWs), their clients, among men having sex with men (MSMs), and among injecting drug users (IDUs).
A number of these groups reported regular alcohol use before sex (FCSWs 15%; clients of FCSWs 13%; MSMs 36%). High rates of alcohol use have also been observed among vulnerable groups such as adolescents, commercial sex workers, and their clients in other countries (e.g. South Africa, Belarus, Romania, and Mexico).
Furthermore, the prevalence of alcohol dependence in men with HIV infection is high in all the countries. It has also been shown that despite knowledge about preventive measures, condom use is low in vulnerable groups, especially when under the influence of alcohol and/or other psychoactive substances. Alcohol use and sexual risk behavior go hand in hand in commercial sex encounters.
FCSWs use alcohol to cope with the pressures of their work, e.g. a large number of sexual encounters. Many a time they and their clients use alcohol together. Condom use is more evident among paying sex partners than non-paying sex partners of sex workers. Brothel-based workers can negotiate condom use better than non-brothel-based workers in India.
Most studies suggest that there is greater consistency of condom use in commercial sex than in private encounters, but that levels of alcohol use do not necessarily alter levels of condom use. However, clients’ alcohol use has emerged as an important determinant of condom use in some studies. Other studies have found no differences in condom use between FCSWs who use alcohol and those who do not.
Drinking alcohol and visiting commercial sex workers are evident among long-distance drivers all over the world. Transport workers and migrant populations who frequently visit FCSWs spread STIs and HIV infection from one place to the other and from high-risk groups to the general population.
IDUs are a sexually active contribution to the spread of HIV infection in Belarus, the Russian Federation, Romania, and India. Alcohol use, especially among young adolescents, is associated with casual sex encounters, traffic accidents, violence, crime, and social problems (e.g. in Belarus, South Africa, Mexico).
Early sexual experience, a high level of risk-taking and alcohol use increase the risk of contracting STIs and HIV among adolescents. Direct and indirect links have been demonstrated between alcohol use and sexual risk behaviors in vulnerable groups as well as in the general population, but only a few studies have specifically examined the nature of such linkage and its effect on high-risk behavior and prevention of health problems.
Overall, research on the relationship between alcohol use, sexual behavior, risk-taking, condom use, and STI/HIV vulnerability, especially in the general population, is scanty. There is also some indication that decreased availability of alcohol corresponds with a reduction in risk behaviors in India. In contrast to the other regions, HIV prevalence is higher among women than among men in the African region.
Migrant workers, truck drivers, mineworkers, FCSWs, prison inmates, psychoactive substance users, antenatal clinic attendees, young adolescents, and tribal populations are also particularly at risk of HIV in this region.